• Prefer light, sandy soil, best grown in full sun.
  • Water crops in when planting with a solution of beneficial Nematodes (available at Greenland) to prevent Carrot Fly investations.
  • Sow early.
  • Can be sown 2-3x per season: late April, 3rd week May and 2nd week of June.
  • If you prefer “baby carrots” sow thickly and don’t thin out as much as pack indicates.
  • Harvest carrots as you need them; complete harvest before ground freezes.
  • Wash immediately after pulling and store in a cool, dark area.


  • Tender and warm season vegetable that requires full sun.
  • Plant only after risk of frost has passed and soil is warm.
  • Two types of cucumbers: canning and eating.
  • 2-3 plants of larger eating cucumbers are enough for an average family – an average plant produces 10 cucumbers.
  • Pickling cukes can be planted in multiples.
  • Newer mini varieties such as Muncher are great for container gardens.
  • Require a lot of garden space and consistent water (not wet).
  • Harvest before they get too big or they may have a bitter flavour.
  • Always pick in late morning or early afternoon.
  • Don’t wash before storage, wrap tightly in saran wrap and refrigerate
  • Use within two weeks.
  • Subject to Powdery Mildew; do not water foliage – water root zone.
green beans

Green Beans

  • Easy to grow and very prolific.
  • Plant after danger of frost has passed.
  • Bush types do not require staking.
  • Pole beans require support or a trellis.
  • Harvest when beans are firm and can be snapped – thick as a pencil.
pea pods


  • One of the earliest producers.
  • Sow seeds as soon as soil is workable. For consistent germination use a soil inoculant (a powder you mix with seeds prior to planting).
  • Great for small gardens; a 10’ row will yield approx.10lbs of peas. Peas should be trellised, this makes harvesting a lot easier.
  • Plants must be consistently watered from the time they blossom to harvest, this ensures sweeter peas.
  • Powdery mildew is common; ensure consistent watering at soil level; never water foliage. Ensure rows are spaced apart well.
  • Store peas in plastic bags in fridge, freeze raw shelled peas.
Indian onion


  • Onions are often planted as small bulbs called sets, but can be direct seeded.
  • Require well drained soil with consistent moisture.
  • Water crops in when planting, with a solution of beneficial Nematodes to prevent Onion Root Maggot.
  • When planting out onion sets or seeding, cover with floating row cover to prevent adult moths from laying eggs at base of plants.
  • To harvest, allow onion tops to fall over on their own.
  • Pull out onions and lay on soil, leave outside to dry in the sun for up to a week.


  • Must be started indoors. They love heat so plant in full sun.
  • Require adequate supply of water especially during flowering. Inadequate watering may cause blossom end rot.
  • 3-4 plants yields 6-12 bell peppers, 12-18 banana peppers, or 30-40 hot peppers per plant.
  • Peppers are best grown in containers (soil can take a while to warm in spring).
  • Store peppers inside plastic bags in fridge.
  • To dry hot peppers, string them with a needle and thread, and hang the hot pepper necklace in a cool, well vented area.

Lettuce and Salad Greens

  • Cool crop, best planted early spring or late fall.
  • Reseed every 2 weeks.• Require a steady supply of water (in well drained soil).
  • Will “bolt” in hot temperatures; an east exposure is perfect.
  • Harvest early in morning when leaves are crisp and full of moisture.


  • Best planted early spring or early fall.
  • Quick to sprout (4-8 days to germinate).
  • Requires rich well drained soil.
  • Water crops in when planting with a solution of beneficial Nematodes (available at Greenland) to prevent Radish Maggot investations.
  • Keep moisture consistent to prevent cracking and improve flavour.
  • Harvest as soon as they are large enough to eat, dry spells cause radishes to become too spicy and woody.
  • Harvest entire crop all at once and reseed for a second crop.
  • Wash radishes and store in plastic bags. They will stay fresh and crisp in the fridge for several weeks.
Slicer tomatoes


  • Must be started indoors.
  • Require full sun as they are heat lovers.
  • Best planted out end of May or 1st week of June.
  • Consistent water is very important during fruit production.
  • Must be fertilized often as they are heavy feeders.
  • An average family of 4 may need only 1-2 plants, however if you are cooking, canning, freezing and eating tomatoes, 6 plants will last from late June to September.
  • Staking indeterminate plants saves space within the garden, makes harvesting easy.
  • Never store tomatoes in the fridge – this ruins texture and flavour.


  • Sow seeds into the garden last week of May.
  • Prefer rich, well-drained soil, in full sun.
  • Zucchini is a heavy yielder, one plant can produce up to 16 fruit.
  • Always water early in day to prevent disease and fungi, do not water foliage.
  • Ensure consistent moisture and calcium fertilizer to prevent blossom end rot.
  • Harvest zucchini twice a week.
  • Young zucchini has the best flavour and is the most tender. Larger zucchini best used for baking.
  • Does not store for long periods; use within a week or two.
  • Grate and freeze extra zucchini.


  • How much to water? Try to do one thorough watering of the garden/week (sprinkler running for 20-25 min.). Container vegetables will need to be checked daily for water.
  • Hot dry days combined with lack of water can cause bitterness in many vegetables. Inconsistent watering also allows vegetables to be more susceptible to blossom end rot, pests and diseases.
  • Conserve moisture; provide rows with a mulch such as bark mulch or mulched grass clippings.


  • Nitrogen promotes leafy growth; important for lettuce and other leaf crops.
  • Phosphorous promotes root development and fruit set; important for all vegetables.
  • Potassium improves fruit quality and disease resistance; important for all vegetables.
  • Fertilize garden beds once per week, or dig in slow release granular fertilizer. Containers will require feeding every 3-4 days.
earth box growing system

Earth Box

For smaller gardens try this award-winning growing system. The Earth Box controls soil conditions, eliminates guesswork and more than doubles the yield of a conventional garden – with less fertilizer, less water and virtually no effort.